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Harriet Dyer

The Little Book of Feminism

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    Menna Abu Zahraцитує4 місяці тому
    Consider this a brief portrait of what feminism has looked like throughout the years, the issues that feminists have focused on and what they have achieved.
    Menna Abu Zahraцитує4 місяці тому
    I have chosen to give a brief outline of the history and goals of Western feminism, mainly in the UK, mainland Europe and the US, concentrating specifically on the laws of the UK.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує7 місяців тому
    Senate candidate Todd Aikin asserted that women couldn’t get pregnant as a result of rape, claiming that ‘the female body has ways to shut that whole thing down’.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує7 місяців тому
    ‘A culture fixated on female thinness is not an obsession about female beauty, but an obsession about female obedience.’
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    Feminism has always enjoyed strong links with socialism and anti-capitalist movements.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    She undermined the idea that the sexual revolution was benefitting men and women alike, highlighting the disrespect and financial cheating the bunnies received by both colleagues and clients.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    Germaine Greer’s 1970 book The Female Eunuch. She argued that there was no difference between the brain of a man and that of a woman and that it was the traditional nuclear family that oppressed women. She said that society taught women self-imposed limitations (e.g. through emphasis on motherhood and ‘ladylike’ behaviour) and that by limiting their place in society, both men and women were taught subconsciously to hate women.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    personal experience and problems have political origins and solutions.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    Betty Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique, criticising how women were depicted in the media and the waste of women’s potential by limiting their sphere to the home.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    Afterwards, with everyone desperate to return to a normal society that they could never regain and that perhaps hadn’t existed in the first place, more conservative values crept into society and the media.
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    ‘IF IT IS RIGHT FOR MEN TO FIGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM, AND GOD KNOWS WHAT THE HUMAN RACE WOULD BE LIKE TODAY IF MEN HAD NOT, SINCE TIME BEGAN, FOUGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM, THEN IT IS RIGHT FOR WOMEN TO FIGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM AND THE FREEDOM OF THE CHILDREN THEY BEAR.’
    Cinthia Del Bosqueцитує8 місяців тому
    the Langham Place Circle campaigned to help women enter the workplace, funding their training (through the unfortunately-named SPEW: The Society for Promoting the Employment of Women) and endeavouring to reduce the social stigma about middle-class women working instead of relying on fathers, brothers and husbands for money.
    mgfftцитуєторік
    t, ‘A culture fixated on female thinness is not an obsession about female beauty, but an obsession about female obedience
    mgfftцитуєторік
    Although clearly influenced by second-wave feminism’s mantra that ‘the personal is political’, third-wave feminism wanted to move away from the prescriptive attitudes of its predecessors and towards the idea of freedom to choose. Previously topics such as porn or gender had strict dos and don’ts for what was good for women. For example, pornography was always seen to be oppressing the woman, even if the woman thought she wanted to partake in or watch it. This particular debate was fought in the rather gloriously named ‘feminist sex wars’ (also known by the similarly flamboyant title of ‘porn wars’). The boiled-down argument focussed on whether a woman, living in a patriarchal society where she is nurtured to think a certain way about how women should behave and please men, could ever be able truly to make an independent decision to participate in porn. Some also felt that second-wave feminists’ criticisms about sexual oppression actually themselves oppressed women. For example, second-wave feminists discredited the idea that a woman could genuinely enjoy sadomasochism, refuting the idea that it could be participated in healthily and be a natural, personal kink.
    mgfftцитуєторік
    The phrase ‘The personal is political’ was popularised by a 1969 essay by Carol Hanisch, although she denies originating the phrase herself. It is a handy summing up of the arguments of second-wave feminists: personal experience and problems have political origins and solutions. Issues that women faced concerning sex, contraception, abortion, appearance, childcare and division of labour in the home were not just each woman’s personal problem but something that stemmed from historical and social issues and could be solved with increased awareness and changes in legislation and policy.

    One example of this is Germaine Greer’s 1970 book The Female Eunuch. She argued that there was no difference between the brain of a man and that of a woman and that it was the traditional nuclear family that oppressed women. She said that society taught women self-imposed limitations (e.g. through emphasis on motherhood and ‘ladylike’ behaviour) and that by limiting their place in society, both men and women were taught subconsciously to hate women. She said the freedom she was looking for was ‘Freedom to run, shout, talk loudly and sit with your knees apart
    mgfftцитуєторік
    depicted in the media
    mgfftцитуєторік
    Then the sixties swept in and with it the sexual revolution and the start of second-wave feminism in America, known as the women’s liberation movement. A wave of increasingly liberal attitudes swept society; drug-taking, long hair, rock music, increasingly rebellious teenagers breaking away from the drab conformism they identified with their parents’ generation and… sex. People were not only having sex but talking about it, and women were coming up with some pointers for improvement. Traditionally, a woman’s sexuality was tangled up with societal pressure not to have sex and a lack of available contraception, leading to a raft of problems including social judgement if she did have sex. If a woman got past these obstacles, she often found that her own sexual pleasure was sidelined in favour of her male partner’s
    monikaцитуєторік
    ‘WHAT IS FEMINISM? SIMPLY THE BELIEF THAT WOMEN SHOULD BE AS FREE AS MEN, HOWEVER NUTS, DIM, DELUDED, BADLY DRESSED, FAT, RECEDING, LAZY, AND SMUG THEY MIGHT BE.’

    CAITLIN MORAN
    monikaцитуєторік
    ‘I THINK THE PERSON WHO SAID: “HONEY, IF MEN COULD GET PREGNANT, ABORTION WOULD BE A SACRAMENT” WAS RIGHT.’

    GLORIA STEINEM
    monikaцитуєторік
    IF IT IS RIGHT FOR MEN TO FIGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM, AND GOD KNOWS WHAT THE HUMAN RACE WOULD BE LIKE TODAY IF MEN HAD NOT, SINCE TIME BEGAN, FOUGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM, THEN IT IS RIGHT FOR WOMEN TO FIGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM AND THE FREEDOM OF THE CHILDREN THEY BEAR.’

    EMMELINE PANKHURST
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