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Daniel Kahneman

Thinking, Fast and Slow

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Assem Ramazanovaцитуєторік
he gorilla study illustrates two important facts about our minds: we can be blind to the obvious, and we are also blind to our blindness.
Андрей Балтаевцитує22 дні тому
We are often confident even when we are wrong, and an objective observer is more likely to detect our errors than we are.
May Trinandaцитує3 місяці тому
This is the essence of intuitive heuristics: when faced with a difficult question, we often answer an easier one instead, usually without noticing the substitution.
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The question that the executive faced (should I invest in Ford stock?) was difficult, but the answer to an easier and related question (do I like Ford cars?) came readily to his mind and determined his choice.
May Trinandaцитує3 місяці тому
The executive’s decision would today be described as an example of the affect heuristic, where judgments and decisions are guided directly by feelings of liking and disliking, with little deliberation or reasoning.
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he liked the cars, he liked the company, and he liked the idea of owning its stock.
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elements in a new situation and to act in a manner that is appropriate to it.
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Valid intuitions develop when experts have learned to recognize familiar el
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Our everyday intuitive abilities are no less marvelous than the striking insights of an experienced firefighter or physician—only more common.
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He had no idea what was wrong, but he knew something was wrong.
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the accurate intuitions of experts are better explained by the effects of prolonged practice than by heuristics.
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our minds are susceptible to systematic errors
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intended to help you appreciate the power of resemblance as a cue to probability and to see how easy it is to ignore relevant statistical facts.
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The topics I chose as examples are mentioned often; equally important issues that are less available did not come to my mind.)
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turn, what the media choose to report corresponds to their view of what is currently on the public’s mind
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First, people are generally rational, and their thinking is normally sound. Second, emotions such as fear, affection, and hatred explain most of the occasions on which people depart from rationality. Our article challenged both assumptions without discussing them directly. We documented systematic errors in the thinking of normal people, and we traced these errors to the design of the machinery of cognition rather than to the corruption of thought by emotion
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My intuitive impression could be due entirely to journalists’ choices of topics and to my reliance on the availability heuristic.
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the transgressions of politicians are much more likely to be reported
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We called this reliance on the ease of memory search the availability heuristic.
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We noticed that the question triggered a search of memory for divorced professors we knew or knew about, and that we judged the size of categories by the ease with which instances came to mind
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