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Naomi Wolf

The Beauty Myth

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    Nicté Toxquiцитує8 місяців тому
    The medical effects of anorexia include hypothermia, edema, hypotension, bradycardia (impaired heartbeat), lanugo (growth of body hair), infertility, and death. The medical effects of bulimia include dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, epileptic seizure, abnormal heart rhythm, and death. When the two are combined, they can result in tooth erosion, hiatal hernia, abraded esophagus, kidney failure, osteoporosis, and death. Medical literature is starting to report that babies and children underfed by weight-conscious mothers are suffering from stunted growth, delayed puberty, and failure to thrive.
    Nicté Toxquiцитує8 місяців тому
    Roberta Pollack Seid in Never Too Thin agrees with the 5- to 10-percent figure for anorexia among young American women, adding that up to six times that figure on campuses are bulimic. If we take the high end of the figures, it means that of ten young American women in college, two will be anorexic and six will be bulimic; only two will be well. The norm, then, for young, middle-class American women, is to be a sufferer from some form of the eating disease.
    Nicté Toxquiцитує8 місяців тому
    Joan Jacobs Brumberg in Fasting Girls: The Emergence of Anorexia Nervosa as a Modern Disease puts the number of anorexics at 5 to 10 percent of all American girls and women. On some college campuses, she believes, one woman student in five is anorexic
    Nicté Toxquiцитує8 місяців тому
    The weight-loss cult recruits women from an early age, and eating diseases are the cult’s bequest. Anorexia and bulimia are female maladies: From 90 to 95 percent of anorexics and bulimics are women. America, which has the greatest number of women who have made it into the male sphere, also leads the world with female anorexia. Women’s magazines report that there are up to a million American anorexics, but the American Anorexia and Bulimia Association states that anorexia and bulimia strike a million American women every year; 30,000, it reports, also becomes emetic abusers.
    Nicté Toxquiцитує8 місяців тому
    They admitted their minds, and let their bodies go. Young women learned that they could not live inside those gates and also inside their bodies.
    Nicté Toxquiцитує8 місяців тому
    Virginia Woolf in A Room of One’s Own had a vision that someday young women would have access to the rich forbidden libraries of the men’s colleges, their sunken lawns, their vellum, the claret light. She believed that would give young women a mental freedom that must have seemed all the sweeter from where she imagined it: the wrong side of the beadle’s staff that had driven her away from the library because she was female. Now young women have pushed past the staff that barred Woolf’s way. Striding across the grassy quadrangles that she could only write about, they are halted by an immaterial barrier she did not foresee. Their minds are proving well able; their bodies self-destruct.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    only products of popular culture that (unlike romances) change with women’s reality, are mostly written by women for women about women’s issues, and take women’s concerns seriously.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    In a stunning move, an entire replacement culture was developed by naming a “problem” where it had scarcely existed before, centering it on women’s natural state, and elevating it to the existential female dilemma. The number of diet-related articles rose 70 percent from 1968 to 1972.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    Somehow, somewhere, someone must have figured out that they will buy more things if they are kept in the self-hating, ever-failing, hungry, and sexually insecure state of being aspiring “beauties.”
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    The rise in women’s magazines was brought about by large investments of capital combined with increased literacy and purchasing power of lower-middle- and working-class women: The democratization of beauty had begun.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    ; women are allowed a mind or a body but not both.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    When a woman says, “This will never be fair even if I play by their rules,” she gains insight into the real workings of the myth.
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    We have not yet begun the push toward civil rights for women that will entitle a woman to say that she’d rather look like herself than some “beautiful” young stranger.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    Urban professional women are devoting up to a third of their income to “beauty maintenance,”
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    fashion modeling and prostitution are the only professions in which women consistently earn more than men.
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    Beauty ideology teaches women they have little control and few options.
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    Low female self-esteem may have a sexual value to some individual men, but it has a financial value to all of society
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    In fact, sociologist Barbara A. Gutek shows that there is little evidence that women even occasionally use their sexuality to get some organizational reward. It is men, she found, who use their sexuality to get ahead
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    People put on uniforms voluntarily only when they have faith in the fair rewards of the system. They will understandably be unwilling to give up the protection of their “beauty” until they can be sure the reward system is in good working order;
    Maferцитує8 місяців тому
    According to The Sexuality of Organization, five studies have found that “a woman’s … behaviour is noticed and labelled sexual even if it is not intended as such.”
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